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Atlas - also known as C1 is the only vertebrae without a body. It also helps support the head.
Atlas - also known as C1 is the only vertebrae without a body. It also helps support the head.
Axis - has an Odontoid process that allows for the head to swivel. It attaches to the atlas to allow this movement.
Axis - has an Odontoid process that allows for the head to swivel. It attaches to the atlas to allow this movement.

thoracic_vertebra.jpg
Vertebrae - irregular bone with central foramen to protect the spinal cord








Cranium - large, flat, curved bone which has sutures, where bones join together in immovable joints
Cranium - large, flat, curved bone which has sutures, where bones join together in immovable joints
Mandible - only moveable bone in the face, flat, irregular in shape.
Mandible - only moveable bone in the face, flat, irregular in shape.



















carpals.jpg
Carpals - small short bones, found in the wrist. Smaller than the tarsals
 Metacarpals- short, long bones, which are thinner than the metatarsals
Metacarpals- short, long bones, which are thinner than the metatarsals
Phalanges - very short long bones. Proximal, middle and distal
Phalanges - very short long bones. Proximal, middle and distal
















Humerus.jpg
Humerus - long bone with semi linar notch

Humerus - long bone with a rounded head to articulate with the scapula and a coronoid fossa to articulate with the ulna
Humerus - long bone with a rounded head to articulate with the scapula and a coronoid fossa to articulate with the ulna
Ulna - has a semi-lunar notch which articulates with the humerus and styloid process to articulate with the radius. Radius has a flat circular end to the bone
Ulna - has a semi-lunar notch which articulates with the humerus and styloid process to articulate with the radius. Radius has a flat circular end to the bone
Clavicle- S shaped long bone. The flattened epiphysis articulates with the scapula.
Clavicle- S shaped long bone. The flattened epiphysis articulates with the scapula.












radius.jpg
Radius - long bone with a flat circular head






Rib - a long flat curved bone that protects the organs of the chest cavity
Rib - a long flat curved bone that protects the organs of the chest cavity
 Sternum - flat bone with notches for the costal cartilage that attaches to the ribs, and a xiphoid process
Sternum - flat bone with notches for the costal cartilage that attaches to the ribs, and a xiphoid process
Scapula.jpg
Scapula- thin flat bone which has a acromion and coracoid process and two large, flattened fossa





















Metatarsals- short long bones, which are thicker than the metacarpals because of the support needed. The calcaneus (heel) is the largest tarsal
Metatarsals- short long bones, which are thicker than the metacarpals because of the support needed. The calcaneus (heel) is the largest tarsal

Tarsals - Larger short bones, bigger than the carpals
Tarsals - Larger short bones, bigger than the carpals
Femur - Large, long bone with two trochanters at the proximal epiphysis
Femur - Large, long bone with two trochanters at the proximal epiphysis




















Tibia - Tibia has a very pronounced anterior crest and prominant tibial tuberosity. The Fibula is the a very long, thin bone that has a malleolus on each end.
Tibia - Tibia has a very pronounced anterior crest and prominant tibial tuberosity. The Fibula is the a very long, thin bone that has a malleolus on each end.

Pelvis- Has illiac crest at the top and a socket (acetabulum) for the articulation with the head of the femur; difference between female and male pelvis by function, shape, weight, and size
Pelvis- Has illiac crest at the top and a socket (acetabulum) for the articulation with the head of the femur; difference between female and male pelvis by function, shape, weight, and size
Patella - Small circular, triangular bone that has two facets on the posterior side to allow gliding
Patella - Small circular, triangular bone that has two facets on the posterior side to allow gliding